Social Issues In India
India is a nation of diversity and yet it reflects unity. It is a developing country and world’s third largest economy. Unfortunately, Population of India is a major concern. India ranks 2nd in Population only after China. The rapid expansion of Private Sector and Shrinking of Agriculture Economy is a really affecting the nation. Since the 90’s the policy of Liberalisation-Globalisation-Privatisation (LPG Policy) has brought a lot of good revenue. But on the other hand developed some Major Social Issues in India. The nation today suffers from various problems like Poverty, Hunger, Malnutrition, Unemployment, and Crime.
Current Social Issues In India
Indian population stands at 1.31 billion as per country meters. It is in itself such a big statistic to directly evaluate. Roughly around 47000 persons are added daily to the Population of India in 2016. The explosive rate of population expansion is alarming. Many factors contribute to this, like poverty, illiteracy, and unemployment. It is all a vicious circle that grips the nation.
Government started the programs to control population as early as 1950’s. In the years of Indira Gandhi as the Prime Ministers of India. She launched a family planning scheme. It included sterlisation of men having 2 children or more. However, the plan backfired in the face of Government when there was public outcry over forcefully sterlising the unmarried men or those with 1 child.
India is suffering from Substantial Poverty. According to 2012 estimates of Indian Government, About 22 % population of India in Below Poverty Limit. As of 2007 statistics, Indian government defines the poverty line at 0.53 $ a day. It is very low as compared to other developed nations. Unites States itself sets the limit on 13$ per day. China has BPL (Below Poverty Line ) limit at 1 $ a day. The World Bank sets the limit for 2015 at 1.90$ per day. So it is clear that people who are above poverty in eyes of Govt. are not still poor as per world standards.
Government of India started Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in 2001. By 86th Amendment act, when Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister of India.
Its main objective was to provide free and compulsory education to all children from 6-14 years age group. It is funded by World Bank, UNICEF, and DFID.
86th amendment act Created Article 21 A in the Indian Constitution. This article was put in action by RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT, 2009.
Its complete name is Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act. It came into force on 1st April 2010. It made India on of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child.
It is not easy to create viable solution to all the social issues in India. But small steps towards part by part taking down these social problems will definitely help. Is that what our government is doing?? . Well you know it !!.